Depression comes in many forms and affects all walks of life. Genes and experiences interweave to produce an emotional and physical response as crippling as a serious disease. While the cause remains elusive, through many years of research one finding is rock solid: women are affected around twice as much as men. Often the discrepancy is blamed on gender-based discrimination: women are more depressed, the theory goes, because they have fewer advantages and more hardships in a patriarchal society.
Scientists have long observed an association between depression and heart disease. Depressed adults have a 66% greater risk of developing coronary artery disease. These patients are also more likely to progress to serious outcomes such as a heart attack – at least a quarter of cardiac patients suffer with depression.